What are the methods of breast augmentation?
There is a broad choice of methods for the augmentation or remodelling of breasts. The most important division among the multiple classifications of these methods is the origin of the breast augmentation material – natural or artificial. Natural sources of breast volume augmentation material include: the patient’s own fat tissue (obtained from liposuction) and hyaluronic acid. Breast augmentation involves injecting fat or hyaluronic acid into the breast’s subcutaneous tissue. The downside of this method is the potentially short-term effect or insufficiently pronounced result. Additionally, fat tissue from other parts of the body – the back or the stomach – can be used in breast reconstruction.
The most popular method involves the use of breast implants. Breast augmentation is achieved by placing the implant under the muscle or under the mammary gland. This delivers a long-term and predictable enlargement. Modern implants are filled with silicone or saline solution.
There are multiple techniques for breast augmentation with implants which are placed under the muscle or under the gland: the incision is performed around the nipple, in the inframammary fold, or through a minimal incision within the armpit. Access from the armpit allows the scar to be smaller and in a less visible place. The distance between the incision in the armpit from the target location of the implant necessitates the preparation of a path for the implant, connecting the two points. Performing this procedure and creating the right path and pocket for the implant requires experience in endoscopic surgery as well as skills in operating tools – the endoscope, the endoscopic dissector and the implant guide.