What do “general anaesthesia” and “local anaesthesia” mean?
Local anaesthesia is used in small surgical procedures. During this kind of operation you remain fully conscious but you do not feel any pain, except for the initial sting of the needle delivering the analgesic agent.
This is possible thanks to the local application of agents that block the sensation of pain. It is used for small-area operations, e.g. of the eyelid, ear, or when it is important to keep the patient conscious during the procedure. Certain lipoaspiration procedures (removal or “suction” of fat tissue) is also performed under local anaesthesia, as the fluid introduced into the tissues during the procedures contains local analgesics.
General anaesthesia removes not only pain – through analgesic action – but also the patient’s consciousness for the duration of the procedure. The patient “sleeps” through the operation. It is used in larger, longer operations. Examples include: breast augmentation with implants, surgical reconstruction of the breasts using the abdominal flap, nose operations. This is a safe way to perform longer or more complex procedures ensuring full comfort to the patient.